Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate Stimulation of Axonal Elongation

Science  07 Jan 1972:
Vol. 175, Issue 4017, pp. 73-74
DOI: 10.1126/science.175.4017.73


Elevated concentrations of adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate induce a variety of cell movements. The role of adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate in promoting those movements associated with growth prompted our study of in vitro microtubule-dependent axonal elongation. Ganglia treated with adenosine 5'-monophosphate show no enhancement over controls; treatment with adenosine 3', 5'monophosphate or its dibutyryl derivative significantly enhances elongation, as measured by increases in both axonal numbers and length. Our study suggests that adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate promotes elongation by stimulation of microtubule assembly.