Magma Supply Rate at Kilauea Volcano, 1952-1971

Science  14 Jan 1972:
Vol. 175, Issue 4018, pp. 169-170
DOI: 10.1126/science.175.4018.169


The three longest Kilauea eruptions since 1952 produced lava at an overall constant rate of about 9 x 106 cubic meters per month (vesicle-free). This is considered to represent the rate of magma supply from a deep source, probably the mantle, because little or no summit deformation indicating high-level storage accompanied any of the three eruptions.