Cavernicoles in Lava Tubes on the Island of Hawaii

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Science  21 Jan 1972:
Vol. 175, Issue 4019, pp. 325-326
DOI: 10.1126/science.175.4019.325


Cave-adapted arthropods have evolved in lava tubes in Hawaii. This is the first report of cavernicoles from the Hawaiian islands. The specialization of the cavernicolous insects and the recent origin of the lava tubes suggest that subterranean connections between lava tubes regularly occur and provide dispersal routes. The discovery that lava tubes were colonized by representatives of the adaptively radiating native fauna offers significant potential for evolutionary studies.