Seminal Vesicle Formation and Specific Male Protein Secretion by Female Cells in Allophenic Mice

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Science  11 Feb 1972:
Vol. 175, Issue 4022, pp. 657-659
DOI: 10.1126/science.175.4022.657


The relation of cellular sex genotype to phenotype was examined in seminal vesicles of adult allophenic mice with cellular sex chromosome mosaicism. Each animal originated from conjoined blastomeres of an embryo of female (XX) and one of male (XY) constitution, from different inbred strains. Cells of both sexes were detected in bone marrow and certain other somatic tissues; cellular sex of seminal vesicles was deduced from strain-associated electrophoretic variants of proteins coded for at autosomal loci. Seminal vesicles composed partly or entirely of female cells were found in male and pseudohermaphrodite individuals. In a pseudohermaphrodite, both allelic variants of the tissue-specific normal male seminal vesicle protein (Svp-locus) were present, signifying that female as well as male cells were synthesizing the protein. Male-determining factors on the Y chromosome are thus not required in cells that differentiate into functional seminal vesicles.