Neuronal Correlates of Eye Movements in the Visual Cortex of the Cat

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Science  11 Feb 1972:
Vol. 175, Issue 4022, pp. 661-664
DOI: 10.1126/science.175.4022.661


About 10 percent of the cells in the visual cortex of awake cats do not respond to stationary parallel stripes in any orientation or to stripes moving across the visual field in any direction at a moderate speed (up to 132 degrees per second), but these cells are either excited or inhibited during saccadic eye movements when the animal faces a patterned visual environment. Of nineteen such cells tested in total darkness, seven discharged in association with eye movements. For saccade-related discharges, the latency during retinal stimulation is typically shorter than the latencey in total darkness.