Human Phosphoglycerate Kinase and Inactivation of the X Chromosome

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Science  03 Mar 1972:
Vol. 175, Issue 4025, pp. 1002-1003
DOI: 10.1126/science.175.4025.1002


The fibroblasts derived from the skin of a woman heterozygous for an X-linked deficiency of phosphoglycerate kinase represented a mosaic. Two of 22 clones with normal glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity and hypoxanthine(guanine) phosphoribosyltransferase activity had no phosphoglycerate kinase activity detected by electrophoresis. Because the loci for glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogeniase and hypoxanthine(guanine)phosphoribosyltransferase are already known to undergo inactivation and to be on the short arm of the X chromosome and the locus for phosphoglycerate kinase is on the long arm, these observations support the conclusion that the entire human X chromosome can be involved in X inactivation.