Interactions of Immunoglobulins G and M in the Detection of the Mammalian C-Type Virus Cross-Reactive Antigen

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Science  28 Apr 1972:
Vol. 176, Issue 4033, pp. 420-422
DOI: 10.1126/science.176.4033.420


The mammalian C-type tumor viruses share an antigenic determinant, gs-3, located on the major internal polypeptide of the virion. Detection of this determined in gel diffusion assays by antiserums prepared in rats by immunization with rat tumor homogenates carrying murine virus and serums prepared in a rabbit by immunization with purified murine gs antigen depended on antibodies present in the fractions containing immunoglobulins M and G. The immunoglobulin G fraction by itself precipitated only the homologous murine antigen. Neither fraction alone precipitated heterologous (cat, rat, or hamster) antigen (definition of the gs-3 reaction), while a mixture of the two fractions did. The gs-3 reaction was eliminated by treatment of the serums with β-mercaptoethanol, also indicating a requirement for immunoglobulin M antibodies.