Calcium Oxalate Crystals in the Aragonite-Producing Green Alga Penicillus and Related Genera

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Science  08 Sep 1972:
Vol. 177, Issue 4052, pp. 891-893
DOI: 10.1126/science.177.4052.891


Calcium oxalate crystals occur in the marine green algae Penicillus, Rhipocephalus, and Udotea, known as producers of sedimentary aragonite needles. In contrast to the externally deposited aragonite crystals which are generally < 15 micrometers long, the oxalate crystals are larger (up to 150 micrometers) and are located in the vacuolar system of the plant. No calcium oxalate was found in the related but noncalcifying genera Avrainvillea and Cladocephalus.