Acetylcholine Responses in L Cells

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Science  15 Sep 1972:
Vol. 177, Issue 4053, pp. 1005-1007
DOI: 10.1126/science.177.4053.1005


L cells, a family of continuous cell lines of mouse fibroblastic origin, generate a prolonged active membrane hyperpolarization (the hyperpolarizing activation response) when stimulated mechanically or electrically. lontophoretically applied acetylcholine elicits a similar response; atropine blocks the acetylcholine but not the electrically or mechanically elicited responses. The hyperpolarizing activation response can also be elicited by electrical, mechanical, or acetylcholine stimulation of cells adjacent to the recorded cell. Propagation of the response from one cell to another is not dependent on direct electrical coupling between cells and is not blocked by application of a bath containing atropine or curare. These results show that L cells are capable of generating an active electrical response. that they are sensitive to at least one neurotransmitter (acetylcholine), and that humorally mediated interaction (probably noncholinergic) between L cells occurs.