Inhibition of Angiotensin Conversion in Experimental Renovascular Hypertension

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Science  22 Sep 1972:
Vol. 177, Issue 4054, pp. 1108-1109
DOI: 10.1126/science.177.4054.1108


Constriction of the renal artery and controlled reduction of renal perfusion pressure is followed by a prompt increase in systemic renin activity and a concomitant rise in blood pressure in trained, unanesthetized dogs. The elevated blood pressure induced by the renal artery stenosis can be prevented by prior treatment with the nonapeptide Pyr-Trp-Pro-Arg-Pro-Gln-Ile-Pro-Pro, which blocks conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II. Further, the nonapeptide can restore systemic pressure to normnal in the early phase of renovascular hypertension. These results offer strong evidence that the renin-angiotensin system is responsible for the initiation of hypertension in the unilaterally nephrectomized dog with renal artery constriction.