Adenosine 3',5'-Monophosphate: Electrophysiological Evidence for a Role in Synaptic Transmission

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Science  20 Oct 1972:
Vol. 178, Issue 4058, pp. 310-312
DOI: 10.1126/science.178.4058.310


Synaptic potentials and changes in resting membrane potentials of superior cervical ganglia of the rabbit were measured in the presence of adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate and agents that affect its metabolism. Adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate and its mono- and dibutyryl derivatives caused a hyperpolarization of the postganglionic neurons. Theophylline potentiated the slow inhibitory postsynaptic potential that follows synaptic transmission, as well as the hyperpolarization of postganglionic neurons caused by exogenous dopamine. Conversely, prostaglandin E1 inhibited both the slow inhibitory postsynaptic potential and the dopamine-induced hyperpolarization. We hypothesize that the slow inhibitory postsynaptic potential as well as the dopamine-induced hyperpolarization result from increased amounts of adenosine 3'5'-monophosphate in the postganglionic neurons. The dibutyryl derivative of guanosine 3'5'-monophosphate caused a depolarization of the postganglionic neurons, which is consistent with the possibility that guanosine 3'5'-monophosphate mediates synaptic transmission at muscarinic cholinergic synapses.