Synthesis of Reverse Osmosis Membranes by Plasma Polymerization of Allylamine

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Science  02 Feb 1973:
Vol. 179, Issue 4072, pp. 500-501
DOI: 10.1126/science.179.4072.500


The polymerization of allylamine in a radio-frequency electrodeless plasma to form thin polymer films on microporous filter media provides very effective dry composite membranes for reverse osmosis. Salt and urea rejections as high as 98 percent and 46 percent, respectively, have been achieved from a solution containing 10 grams of sodium chloride per liter and 10 grams of urea per liter. The plasma conditions and polymerization technique are discussed.