Involvement of Adenosine 3',5'-Monophosphate in the Activation of Tyrosine Hydroxylase Elicited by Drugs

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Science  02 Mar 1973:
Vol. 179, Issue 4076, pp. 902-904
DOI: 10.1126/science.179.4076.902


Immediately after the injection of reserpine (16 micromoles per kilogram, intraperitoneally), aminophylline (200 micromoles per kilogram, intraperitoneally), and carbamylcholine (8.2 micromoles per kilogram, intraperitoneally), the concentration of adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate in adrenal medulla of rats is increased severalfold. The three drugs also cause a delayed increase of medullary tyrosine hydroxylase activity. Our results are consistent with the view that an increase of medullary adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate concentration is involved in the drug-induced increase of tyrosine hydroxylase activity in adrenal medulla. Experiments with tyramine (130 micromoles per kilogram, intraperitoneally) suggest that the increase of tyrosine hydroxylase activity and of adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate concentrations is independent of an increase in adrenal catecholamine turnover rate.