Retrograde Amnesia Gradients: Effects of Direct Cortical Stimulation

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Science  30 Mar 1973:
Vol. 179, Issue 4080, pp. 1343-1345
DOI: 10.1126/science.179.4080.1343


Electrical stimulation was delivered bilaterally to either the anterior or posterior cortex in rats from 0.1 second to 4 hours after a single training trial on an inhibitory avoidance task. As indicated by a retention test given 24 hours later, the length of the retrograde amnesia gradients ranged from 5 seconds to 240 minutes, depending on the brain region stimulated and the intensity of the stimulating current. The stimulation intensity that was threshold for amnesia varied directly with the length of the interval between training and treatment.