Articles

Eruption of Soufrière Volcano on St. Vincent Island, 1971-1972

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Science  13 Jul 1973:
Vol. 181, Issue 4095, pp. 117-124
DOI: 10.1126/science.181.4095.117

Abstract

The Soufrière volcano in St. Vincent erupted from October 1971 to March 1972, as 80 x 106 m3 of basaltic andesite lava was quietly extruded inside the mile-wide crater. The eruption was largely subaqueous, taking place in the 180-m-deep crater lake, and resulted in the emergence of a steep-sided island. The mild character of the eruption and the absence of seismic activity stand in direct contrast to the highly explosive character of the eruption of 1902 to 1903.