Unusual Retinal Cells in the Dolphin Eye

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Science  24 Aug 1973:
Vol. 181, Issue 4101, pp. 747-749
DOI: 10.1126/science.181.4101.747


By comparison to the cellular constituents of the retinas of certain other diving mammals, the elements of the dolphin retina include an unusually large number of specialized cells. Both cone and rod receptors may be identified. An unusual amacrine cell may be seen which produces a process that spans the cells between the inner plexiform and outer plexiform layers. Most unusual is a layer of giant ganglion cells which appears to serve most of the central retina. The giant ganglion cells support giant dendrites and optic nerve fibers which range up to 8 micrometers in diameter.