Crowding among Hunter-Gatherers: The !Kung Bushmen

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Science  19 Oct 1973:
Vol. 182, Issue 4109, pp. 301-303
DOI: 10.1126/science.182.4109.301


Highly crowded living conditions exist among the !Kung Bushmen, hunter-gatherers who live on the edges of the Kalahari Desert in Botswana and South-West Africa. The !Kung appear to be crowded by choice, and biological indicators of stress are absent. Data indicate that residential crowding alone does not produce symptoms of pathological stress.