"Big" Growth Hormone Components from Human Plasma: Decreased Reactivity Demonstrated by Radioreceptor Assay

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Science  23 Nov 1973:
Vol. 182, Issue 4114, pp. 829-831
DOI: 10.1126/science.182.4114.829


Plasma as well as pituitary immunoreactive human growth hormone (HGH) comprises at least two discrete components which have been designated as "big" HGH and "little" HGH. Using a newly developed radioreceptor assay, which depends on the ability of a substance to compete with labeled HGH for binding sites on cultured human lymphocytes, we find that the big HGH component from both normal and acromegalic subjects has much less activity in the radioreceptor assay than in the radioimmunoassay, whereas the little HGH component has simnilar activity in both assays.