Microwave Spectrometer on the Nimbus 5 Satellite: Meteorological and Geophysical Data

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Science  28 Dec 1973:
Vol. 182, Issue 4119, pp. 1339-1341
DOI: 10.1126/science.182.4119.1339


The Nimbus 5 microwave spectrometer has been used to measure thermal radiation in five frequency bands between 22.235 and 58.8 gigahertz, and has yielded both the temperature profile and, over ocean, the vapor and liquid water content of the terrestrial atmosphere, even in overcast conditions. Information has also been obtained on geophysical parameters that affect the surface emissivity, such as ice type, sea roughness, and snow cover. The experiment demonstrates the considerable potential of passive microwave sensing of meteorological and geophysical parameters.