Pioneer 10 Infrared Radiometer Experiment: Preliminary Results

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Science  25 Jan 1974:
Vol. 183, Issue 4122, pp. 315-317
DOI: 10.1126/science.183.4122.315


Thermal maps of Jupiter at 20 and 40 micrometers show structure closely related to the visual appearance of the planet. Peak brightness temperatures of 126° and 145°K have been measured on the South Equatorial Belt, for the 20- and 40-micrometer channels, respectively. Corresponding values for the South Tropical Zone are 120° and 138°K. No asymmetries between the illuminated sunlit and nonilluminated parts of the disk were found. A preliminary discussion of the data, in terms of simple radiative equilibrium models, is presented. The net thermal energy of the planet as a whole is twice the solar energy input.