Detection of Heat-Labile Escherichia coli Enterotoxin with the Use of Adrenal Cells in Tissue Culture

Science  25 Jan 1974:
Vol. 183, Issue 4122, pp. 334-336
DOI: 10.1126/science.183.4122.334


Cell-free culture filtrates of heat-labile enterotoxin-producing strains of Escherichia coli are capable of inducing morphological changes and steroidogenesis in monolayer cultures of adrenal cells. These tissue culture changes are simiar to those induced by cholera enterotoxin and cannot be effected by culture filtrates of other enterotoxigenic or enteropathogenic types of bacteria. The results of the tissue culture studies correlated well with those done in the standard intestinal-loop systems and suggest that this tissue culture system could be used to significantly aid epidemiological and molecular studies with heat-labile Escherichia coli enterotoxin.

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