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Imunoglobulin Structure: Amino Terminal Sequences of Mouse Myeloma Proteins That Bind Phosphorylcholine

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Science  08 Mar 1974:
Vol. 183, Issue 4128, pp. 962-964
DOI: 10.1126/science.183.4128.962

Abstract

The amino terminal sequences of five light and heavy immunoglobulin chains from myeloma proteins of the BALB/c mouse with binding activity to phosphorylcholine are presented. Except for a single substitution in position 4, all five heavy chains have identical amino terminal sequences through the first hypervariable region. Proteins which share unique (idiotypic) antigenic determinants are identical through the first hypervariable region of their light and heavy chains. Proteins with differing idiotypic determinants have light chains of differing amino acid sequence. These observations suggest that the heavy chain plays a more important role than the light chain in determining the phosphorylcholine binding site.

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