Redirection of Filial Attachments in Rhesus Monkeys: Dogs as Mother Surrogates

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Science  22 Mar 1974:
Vol. 183, Issue 4130, pp. 1209-1211
DOI: 10.1126/science.183.4130.1209


Rhesus infants raised from birth with their mothers, age-mates, or cloth surrogates for periods varying fronm 1 to 10 months were separated from these objects and placed with dogs. Contrary to previous suggestions that were consistent with the notions of a critical period for attachment formation and irreversibility of filial bonds, the monkeys formed strong and specific attachments to their canine surrogates.