Identification of a Ventral Scent Marking Pheromone in the Male Mongolian Gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus)

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Science  05 Apr 1974:
Vol. 184, Issue 4132, pp. 83-85
DOI: 10.1126/science.184.4132.83


Sebum from the ventral scent marking gland of the male Mongolian gerbil was fractionated and tested for its ability to elicit behavioral response in a conditioning task and in a stimulus preference situation. The active fraction was identified as phenylacetic acid; both it and a synthetic sample elicited the same behavioral response. Phenylacetic acid appears to be a major pheromone of the male Mongolian gerbil.