Partition of Tissue Functions in Epithelia: Localization of Enzymes in " Mitochondria-Rich" Cells of Toad Urinary Bladder

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Science  17 May 1974:
Vol. 184, Issue 4138, pp. 797-800
DOI: 10.1126/science.184.4138.797


The mucosal epithelium of the toad urinary bladder reabsorbs sodium, acidifies the urine, and is responsive to neurohypophyseal hormnones. Mucosal epithelial cells, consisting of two major morphologic cell types, "mitochondria-rich" and "granular," were removed from the bladder and separated by density gradient centrifugation. The mitochondria-rich cells contained three times as much carbonic anhydrase activity as the granular cells. Oxytocin caused a 235 percent increase in the adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate content of mitochondria-rich cells but had no effect on the granular cells. The evidence indicates that the mitochondria-rich cell, which accounts for only 15 percent of the mucosal cells, plays a major role in the mediation of sodium ion and hydrogen ion transport in the toad bladder and is a specific site of action of neurohypophyseal hormones.