Nicotine Inhibition of the Metabolism of 3,4-Benzopyrene, a Carcinogen in Tobacco Smoke

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Science  07 Jun 1974:
Vol. 184, Issue 4141, pp. 1081-1083
DOI: 10.1126/science.184.4141.1081


A decreased rate of biliary excretion of radioactive metabolites of 3,4-benzopyrene was observed in rats given a single dose of nicotine. Prior treatment of rats with nicotine decreased benzopyrene hydroxylase activity in homogenates of liver, lung, and small intestine. The addition of nicotine to incubated tissues also decreased benzopyrene hydroxylase activity. These findings show that nicotine inhibits the metabolism of 3,4-benzopyrene in vivo and in vitro.