Reports

Kaolinite Synthesis at 25°C

Science  14 Jun 1974:
Vol. 184, Issue 4142, pp. 1171-1173
DOI: 10.1126/science.184.4142.1171

Abstract

The addition of quercetin, an organic flavone (C15H10O7), to aqueous solutions containing silica and aluminum and adjusted to final pH's from 6.5 to 8.5 produced a 1 : 1 alumninosilicate precipitate which, after 6 to 16 months of aging in solution at 25°C, contained as much as 5 percent well-formed kaolinite plates. Similar solutions containing no organic material produced relatively amorphous precipitates with the same composition and stability (standard free energy of formation = -897±1 kilocalories per mole) but with substantially smaller amounts of crystaline material even after 2 years of aging.

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