Biological Suppression of Weeds: Evidence for Allelopathy in Accessions of Cucumber

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Science  26 Jul 1974:
Vol. 185, Issue 4148, pp. 370-372
DOI: 10.1126/science.185.4148.370


Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) accessions from 41 nations were grown with two indicator species in a search for superior competitors. Of the plant introductions tested, one inhibited indicator plant growth by 87 percent and 25 inhibited growth by 50 percent or more. The toxicity of leachates from pots containing inhibitory cucumbers to indicator plants germinated in separate containers suggested allelopathy. Incorporation of an allelopathic character into a crop cultivar could provide the plant with a means of gaining a competitive advantage over certain weeds.