Aglomerularism in Antarctic Fish

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Science  30 Aug 1974:
Vol. 185, Issue 4153, pp. 793-794
DOI: 10.1126/science.185.4153.793


Urine formation in antarctic bony fish does not involve glomerular filtration. Evidence for aglomerularism came from both direct observation of kidney serial sections by light microscopy and the low concentrations of inulin labeled with carbon-14 that were excreted into the urine when this renal clearance tracer was injected into the bloodstream via a cannula implanted in the caudal vein. Aglomerularism most likely prevents urinary loss of glycoproteins with biological antifreeze properties.