Neural plasticity in visual cortex of adult cats after exposure to visual patterns

Science  06 Jun 1975:
Vol. 188, Issue 4192, pp. 1025-1027
DOI: 10.1126/science.1145187


Over a period of 2 weeks, adult cats were twice a day exposed for 1 hour to a visual environment consisting only of vertical stripes and for the rest of the time were kept in darkness. Subsequent investigation of the striate cortex showed a decrease in the number of neurons sensitive to orientations around the vertical relative to those sensitive to horizontal orientations. This indicates that plasticity of functional properties of the cortical neuronal network still exists in adult animals.