Reciprocation of renin dependency with sodium volume dependency in renal hypertension

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Science  27 Jun 1975:
Vol. 188, Issue 4195, pp. 1316-1317
DOI: 10.1126/science.1145199


An angiotensin II inhibitor was administered to rats with two-kidney Goldblatt hypertension. The inhibitor produced a marked drop in blood pressure after 5 weeks but no significant change after 15 weeks of hypertension. However, even after 15 weeks of hypertension, following sodium depletion by either diuretics or a low sodium diet, the animals again became renin dependent as readministration of the inhibitor induced a significant fall in blood pressure. The data indicate that two-kidney Goldblatt hypertension is initially renin dependent but subsequently becomes sodium volume dependent in a way similar, although more protracted, to that already described for one-kidney Goldblatt hypertension.