Implication of Phlebotomus sand flies as vectors of bartonellosis and leishmaniasis as early as 1764

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Science  10 Oct 1975:
Vol. 190, Issue 4210, pp. 154-155
DOI: 10.1126/science.1101379


A written account implicating Phlebotomus sand flies as vectors of Carrion's disease and cutaneous leishmaniasis in Peru was published by Cosme Bueno in 1764. Bueno's report precedes other publications implicating sand flies in the transmission of human pathogens by nearly a century and a half.