Stimulation in vitro by 1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin D3 of intestinal cell calcium uptake and calcium-binding protein

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Science  26 Dec 1975:
Vol. 190, Issue 4221, pp. 1300-1302
DOI: 10.1126/science.1198113


Treatment of duodenal tissue from rats deficient in vitamin D with 1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2-D3] led to more than a doubling of calcium uptake by the isolated cells and the appearacne in those cells of previously undetectable calcium-binding protein (CaBP). Treatment with the precursor, 25-hydroxy-vitamin D3, was without effect on calcium uptake or CaBP. Cells from vitamin D-replete animals took up three and a half times more calcium than cells from deficient animals. This rapid (90-minute) effect of in vitro treatment with a physiological dose (4.7 X 10(-8)M) of 1,25-(OH)2-D is the first such report and is in accord with the regulatory role of the hormone-like sterol.