Selective production of cis- and trans-verbenol from (-)-and (+)-alpha by a bark beetle

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Science  16 Jan 1976:
Vol. 191, Issue 4223, pp. 199-201
DOI: 10.1126/science.1246609


A unique biological system whereby optical isomers are selectively transformed to geometrical isomers is demonstrated in Ips paraconfusus. Exposure of adult male and female beetles to vapor of (-)-alpha-pinene resulted in the production of (+)-cis-verbenol, a pheromone of this species, whereas (+)-alpha-pinene was oxidized to (+)-trans-verbenol. It appears, therefore, that the ability of a bark beetle to produce its aggregation pheromone can be governed by the chirality of a precursor in the host tree.