Characterization of the androgen receptor from a Syrian hamster ductus deferens tumor cell line (DDT1)

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Science  28 May 1976:
Vol. 192, Issue 4242, pp. 898-900
DOI: 10.1126/science.179138


The hamster ductus deferens cloned tumor cell line (DDT1) contains a complex steroid receptor protein that binds 3H-labeled 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone,. Diethylaminoethyl (DEAE) chromatography of cytosol from these cells yields two major receptor peaks of activity. Identification of this steroid binding protein as a cytoplasmic receptor was confirmed by salt dissociation on sucrose gradients, stability of the hormone-receptor complex at 0 degrees C, and the retention patterns on phosphocellulose and DEAE cellulose. Multiple forms of the receptor exist in a single homogeneous cell type. The data support the theory that steroid hormones bind to a cytoplasmic protein receptor composed of dissimilar subunits as the initial step in steroid hormone action.