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Stereochemical requirements for intercalation of platinum complexes into double-stranded DNA's

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Science  12 Nov 1976:
Vol. 194, Issue 4266, pp. 726-728
DOI: 10.1126/science.982037

Abstract

The complexes 1,10-phenanthrolineethylenediamineplatinum(II) and 2,2'-bipyridineethylenediamineplatinum(II) have a planar, aromatic ligand system that facilitates intercalation, as shown by their ability to unwind closed circular duplex DNA. Nonbonded steric interactions can rotate the pryidine ligands out of the coordination plane in bis(pyridine)ethylenediamineplatinum(II), thus preventing intercalation. Fiber x-ray diffraction patterns of the two metallointeracalators indicate that the binding is governed by the neighbor exclusion principle.

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