Vision in insects: pathways possibly underlying neural adaptation and lateral inhibition

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Science  04 Mar 1977:
Vol. 195, Issue 4281, pp. 894-897
DOI: 10.1126/science.841315


Like horizontal cells in vertebrate retinas, horizontal amacrine cells beneath the insect eye intervene between receptors and interneurons at the first level of synapses. Synaptic arrangements between amacrines and interneurons that give rise to regular networks of axon collaterals may explain recent electrophysiological observations of lateral inhibition beneath the insect retina. Neural adaptation mechanisms acting on single retinotopic channels or assemblies of channels can also be referred to reciprocal relationships between receptors and first-order interneurons as well as to centrifugal cells from levels of so-called photopic receptor endings.