Reports

The heart: a target organ for estradiol

Science  15 Apr 1977:
Vol. 196, Issue 4287, pp. 319-321
DOI: 10.1126/science.847474

Abstract

Autoradiographic studies of rat heart reveal that tritiated estradiol concentrates in cell nuclei of the myocardium of the atria and auricles, similar to the myometrium of the uterus. This suggests that estrogen has a direct effect on atrial myocytes through which its "protective" action may be mediated. Cardiac glycosides that are known to exert estrogen-like effects on classical estrogen target tissues, such as uterine muscle, endometrium, vagina, and mammary gland, probably act on atrial muscle through a genomic, steroid hormone-like mechanism of action.

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