Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis in Lewis rats: chemical synthesis of disease-inducing determinant

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Science  10 Jun 1977:
Vol. 196, Issue 4295, pp. 1219-1221
DOI: 10.1126/science.67639


Two amino acid sequences from the same regions of guinea pig and bovine myelin basic protein which induce experimental allergic encephalomyelitis in Lewis rats were synthesized. The sequences of these two regions may be defined by residues 69 to 84 of the bovine basic protein. The encephalitogenic sequence from guinea pig basic protein (peptide S49), H-Gly-Ser-Leu-Pro-Gln-Lys-Ala-Gin-Arg-Pro-Gin-Asp-Glu-Asn-OH, is a much more potent encephalitogen than that of H-Gly-Ser-Leu-Pro-Gln-Lys-Ala-Gln-Gly-His-Arg-Pro-Gln-Asp-Glu-Asn-OH (peptide S8) found in the bovine protein. The primary structures of the two determinants are similar; however, a Gly-His deletion from the guinea pig sequence is noted. Study of the encephalitogenicity of peptide S49, peptide S8, and the parent proteins suggests that the difference in the encephalitogenic potency of the parent proteins in Lewis rats is due to a natural modification in the primary structure of their respective encephalitogenic determinants.