Physiological evidence for habenula as major link between forebrain and midbrain raphe

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Science  01 Jul 1977:
Vol. 197, Issue 4298, pp. 89-91
DOI: 10.1126/science.194312


The lateral habenula is one of the few forebrain areas that project to the midbrain raphe nuclei. Electrical stimulation of the habenula markedly suppressed serotonergic neurons in the midbrain raphe. The suppression was blocked by systemic or microiontophoretic administration of picrotoxin, which suggests that gamma-aminobutyric acid is the inhibitory transmitter in the habenula-raphe pathway. These results support the concept that the habenula may serve a pivotal role in funneling information from the forebrain to the midbrain raphe.