Fragile sites on human chromosomes: demonstration of their dependence on the type of tissue culture medium

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Science  15 Jul 1977:
Vol. 197, Issue 4300, pp. 265-266
DOI: 10.1126/science.877551


The observation of heritable fragile sites on human chromosomes prepared for lymphocyte cultures has been shown to depend on the type of tissue culture medium in which the lymphocytes are grown. The sites are observed at a much greater frequency when medium 199 is used than when RPMI 1640, Ham's F10, Eagle's (basal), and CMRL 1969 are used. One site on the X chromosome is of clinical significance in that it is a marker for X-linked mental retardation.