In 195 parotid saliva samples collected at random from a Japanese population, two phenotypes were observed by electrophoresis in acid-urea starch gels. The protein showing polymorphisms was detected in the middle zone between Pa and Pb, and was tentatively designated Pm. Inheritance was controlled by a dominant allele at an autosomal locus. The frequencies of the genes determining these phenotypes were, for the Japanese population studied, Pm+=.38+/-.03, Pm-=.62+/-.03.

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