Visual sensitivity: significant within-species variations in a nonhuman primate

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Science  29 Jul 1977:
Vol. 197, Issue 4302, pp. 499-500
DOI: 10.1126/science.406676


Among squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) there are significant sex-related differences in visual sensitivity. As measured behaviorally in an increment-thershold task, a sample of males was found to be substantially less sensitive to long-wavelength (640-nanometer) light than a group of females tested in the same way, although the two groups showed no significant differences in sensitivity to a middle-wavelength (540-nanometer) light. The two group also differed on a test designed to measure the effects of chromatic adaptation.