Reports

Vibrio cholerae, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, and other vibrios: occurrence and distribution in Chesapeake Bay

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Science  28 Oct 1977:
Vol. 198, Issue 4315, pp. 394-396
DOI: 10.1126/science.910135

Abstract

Vibrio cholerae was isolated at several locations in Chesapeake Bay in fall 1976 and spring 1977. Strains induced fluid accumulation in rabbit ileal loops and positive activity in Y-1 adrenal cells. Vibrio cholerae, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, and related vibrios show a spatial and temporal distribution characteristic of Vibrio species in an estuary. The Vibrio cholerae strains isolated from Chesapeake Bay represent serotypes other than O-group I--that is, so-called nonagglutinable vibrios--and are not recognized as a serious epidemic threat, although they have caused cholera-like diarrhea sporadically.