Fuels from Biomass: Integration with Food and Materials Systems

Science  10 Feb 1978:
Vol. 199, Issue 4329, pp. 644-651
DOI: 10.1126/science.199.4329.644


The development of fuels from biomass can lead naturally to dispersed facilities that incorporate food or materials production (or both) with fuel production, forming adaptive systems that can be modified to meet evolving needs and constraints. The technology that is appropriate to each system needs to be worked out, taking into account associated food and materials opportunities in order to decrease the ultimate cost of energy delivered to the consumer. I analyze possible systems based on sugarcane, corn, and guayule.