Effects of Federal Residential Energy Conservation Programs

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Science  24 Feb 1978:
Vol. 199, Issue 4331, pp. 845-851
DOI: 10.1126/science.199.4331.845


We used a detailed engineering-economic simulation model of residential energy use to evaluate the effects of nine different residential energy-use "futures." These "futures" are described in terms of annual and cumulative energy use from 1977 through 2000 by fuel, end use, and in aggregate. Outputs from the model also include economic information on the costs to households of fuels, equipment, and thermal improvements to new and existing structures. The major outputs from these nine cases are shown in Tables 1 and 2 and Figs. 6 and 7.