Mid-Recent Human Occupation and Resource Exploitation in the Bismarck Archipelago

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Science  24 Feb 1978:
Vol. 199, Issue 4331, pp. 877-879
DOI: 10.1126/science.199.4331.877


Human settlement of the Bismarck Archipelago occurred by 6000 to 7500 years ago. Early inhabitants of New Ireland drew on widely dispersed stone sources, including obsidian from Talasea (New Britain), whereas those after about 3000 years ago used either stone from more local sources or obsidian from Lou Island (Admiralty Islands group) or Talasea. The dates and resource changes support a gradualist model of Melanesian settlement.