Tree Branch Angle: Maximizing Effective Leaf Area

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Science  24 Feb 1978:
Vol. 199, Issue 4331, pp. 888-890
DOI: 10.1126/science.199.4331.888


In a computer simulation of branching pattern and leaf cluster in Terminalia catappa, right and left branch angles were varied, and the effective leaf surface areas were calculated. Theoretical branch angles that result in maximum effective leaf area are close to the values observed in nature.