Rhythms in Pheromone Production of the Male Boll Weevil

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Science  03 Mar 1978:
Vol. 199, Issue 4332, pp. 984-986
DOI: 10.1126/science.199.4332.984


Male boll weevils, Anthonomus grandis, held in a light regimen of 16 hours of light and 8 hours of darkness released pheromone rhythmically during the 24 hours. The amount released during peaks was typically 20 times the amount released in valleys. The ratio of the two alcohol components of the pheromone also showed a daily rhythm. Under continuous light, both the release of pheromone and the ratio of the two alcohol components were arrhythmic. In darkness, pheromone release was diminished more than tenfold over the 20-day test period.