Phobos Transit of Mars as Viewed by the Viking Cameras

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Science  17 Mar 1978:
Vol. 199, Issue 4334, pp. 1201-1202
DOI: 10.1126/science.199.4334.1201


A Viking orbiting spacecraft successfully obtained pictures of the martian satellite Phobos with Mars in the background. This is the first time that a single picture was obtained from a spacecraft which contained both a planet and a moon and had significant surface detail visible on both. The region of Mars below Phobos included volcanoes in the Tharsis Montes region. These pictures showed Phobos to be smaller than previously thought. The image of Phobos can be used as a control point to determine the map coordinates of surface features on Mars.